Melk, Cloister

   Situated in Lower Austria above the Danube River, the Benedictine cloister of Melk is one of Austria’s most imposing structures. The town of the same name at the foot of the complex was the seat of the Babenberg margraves of Austria after 976. In 1089, a Benedictine monastery was installed in a renovated canonry monastery.
   The cloister buildings have undergone several important architectural renewals throughout the centuries. In the 14th century, the complex doubled as a fortress, the remains of which are still to be seen. The present appearance of Melk dates from 1702–1736, when its central building was expanded into a monastery palace by the renowned Tyrolean architectural exponent of the Baroque style, Jakob Prandtauer. Stretching 362 meters along a promontory above the Danube and studded with 1,188 windows, it is the embodiment of triumphant Catholicism. The interiors of the monastery church and library contain works by important contemporary masters as well. The library ceiling (1731–1732) is especially notable. St. Koloman, a wandering Irish monk in the 11th century wrongly suspected of being a Hungarian and killed in the neighborhood, is buried at the monastery, as are the early Babenbergs.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • The Benedictine Order —     The Benedictine Order     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Benedictine Order     The Benedictine Order comprises monks living under the Rule of St. Benedict, and commonly known as black monks . The order will be considered in this article under… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Western architecture — Introduction       history of Western architecture from prehistoric Mediterranean cultures to the present.       The history of Western architecture is marked by a series of new solutions to structural problems. During the period from the… …   Universalium

  • Austro-Hungarian Monarchy —     The Austro Hungarian Monarchy     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Austro Hungarian Monarchy     By this name is designated the European monarchy whose dominions have for their main life distributing artery the River Danube, in its course from… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hirsau Abbey — Ruins of Hirsau Abbey Hirsau Abbey, formerly known as Hirschau Abbey, was once one of the most prominent Benedictine abbeys of Germany. It was located in the town of Hirsau, in the Diocese of Speyer, near Calw in the present Baden Württemberg. Co …   Wikipedia

  • Frauenkloster — Ein Kloster ist eine Anlage, in der Menschen (meist Mönche oder Nonnen) in einer auf die Ausübung ihrer Religion konzentrierten Lebensweise zusammenleben. Die Klosteranlage besteht in der Regel aus Kult , Wohn und Wirtschaftsgebäuden und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frauenkommunität — Ein Kloster ist eine Anlage, in der Menschen (meist Mönche oder Nonnen) in einer auf die Ausübung ihrer Religion konzentrierten Lebensweise zusammenleben. Die Klosteranlage besteht in der Regel aus Kult , Wohn und Wirtschaftsgebäuden und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Klöster — Ein Kloster ist eine Anlage, in der Menschen (meist Mönche oder Nonnen) in einer auf die Ausübung ihrer Religion konzentrierten Lebensweise zusammenleben. Die Klosteranlage besteht in der Regel aus Kult , Wohn und Wirtschaftsgebäuden und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Monastery — of St. Nilus on Stolbnyi Island in Lake Seliger near Ostashkov, Russia, ca. 1910 …   Wikipedia

  • Baroque —    Along with the Biedermeier of the post Napoleonic period and turn of the century Jugendstil, the Baroque is clearly among the artistic styles to have made permanent marks on Austria. Indeed, all three terms now characterize entire historical… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Prandtauer, Jakob — (1660–1726)    One of the masters of architecture in the Austrian Baroque, Prandtauer was baptized at Stanz bei Landeck in the Tyrol. He received his formal training, closely associated with the construction handicrafts, in his native province,… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.